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Sir Isaac Newton Map of India, birthplace of Bhaskara II Leibniz This activity is worth 45 points. The written project is worth 40 points and the group discussion of the finished projects is worth 5 points. Research the questions below and to produce a Calculus Sketch like the sketches in MTTA. You are encouraged to use the Calculus Sketch brainstorming discussion area in order to exchange ideas and resources. When you have completed the sketch, post it in the Calculus Sketch final discussion area. You should read the other sketches and comment on at least two of them. The Questions Math Through the Ages covers some of the history of the calculus on pages 42-47, but there is no sketch devoted to one of the greatest of mathematical achievements. To answer a few of your lingering questions, you will create your own sketch. Sir Isaac Newton (England) and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (Germany) are the 17th century European mathematicians credited with inventing/discovering calculus. Their work on calculus was accomplished independently of each other, but at nearly the same time. This important work, however, was built upon a foundation laid by many others over the centuries. As Newton famously wrote, “If I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of giants.” In order to meet the “Other World Civilizations” component of the course, a substantial portion of your sketch should address important steps taken by non-Western cultures toward the development of calculus. There are many non-Western contributions. For example, Bhaskara II was a 12th century Indian mathematician and astronomer. Bhaskara II wrote several books, one of which includes concepts of calculus (this book is called the Siddhanta Shiromani, sometimes also spelled “Siddhanta Siromani”). There are many useful articles that address non-Western contributions toward calculus available in the ESC Library. Consider, for example, the following questions: What steps had been taken toward calculus before…

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