Hospital’s Organizational Structure and Departments

Table of Contents


Hospitals provide very important services, and it should be done by the high-quality standards. However, each hospital is a complex entity, and thus, it should be properly organized. To deliver care successfully, hospitals develop specific organizational structures that are made up of multiple departments (“Hospital organizational structure,” n.d.). Although such structures vary, depending on different factors, they are mostly based on bureaucracy and hierarchy. The main goal of this paper is to discuss the organizational structure of a given hospital.

Description of the Structure

The hospital has a rigid organizational structure that is necessary to coordinate the hospital’s departments.

Its main governing department is the board of directors. The board supervises the entire organization. Some of the board’s responsibilities are developing strategies, controlling a chief executive officer, ensuring a high quality of services, and representing the hospital (“Fundamentals of hospital board governance,2017). The next department is administration. It also has many functions. First, it hires all the personnel in the hospital. Therefore, the administration is responsible for the professional competency of each employee. Second, it coordinates and oversees the functions of each department. Third, it manages patient records.

The next four departments are the direct administration’s subordinates. The first department is Informational Services (IS). It maintains the patients’ medical information, processes their records, collects necessary data, conducts analysis, supports coding, promotes medical research, and develops training programs related to information systems. The next department is Therapeutic Services (TS). It provides a wide range of services. Some of them are respiratory therapy, neurology, physical therapy, occupational therapy, and nutrition. Physiotherapy aims at improving muscle mobility. Occupational Therapy (OT) helps patients function independently. Speech Pathology (SP) helps patients with different speech impairments. Respiratory Therapy (RT) addresses problems related to heart and lung disorders. Medical psychology (MP) improves the emotional well-being of patients. The pharmacy offers medications according to prescribed orders. Dietary designs special diets and helps to maintain them. Sports Medicine (SM) offers rehabilitative care to professional sportsmen. Nursing is necessary to deliver care to patients by treatment plans.

The next department is Diagnostic Services (DS). It facilitates high-quality diagnostic care. The department includes Medical Laboratory (ML), Imaging, Emergency Medicine (EM), and Cardiology. These services provide acute, ambulatory, geriatric, and rehabilitative care. The employees who work in Therapeutic and Diagnostic services are physicians, nurses, technicians, and analysts.

The last department is Support Services (SS). This department is responsible for providing services that make the entire organization run. It includes such services as Central Supply (CS), Biomedical Technology (BT), Housekeeping and Maintenance (HM), and Transportation. They are necessary to maintain all internal processes so that the medical personnel can deliver high-quality care. Also, this department has a significant impact on the efficiency of employees.


In conclusion, the hospital is organized hierarchically. All the departments’ responsibilities are distributed and controlled by the hospital administration. The departments interact with each other by the structure. Therefore, it ensures the equal distribution of duties among the hospital specialists. Also, the organizational structure aims at facilitating the process of delivering care. Therefore, all its elements have common goals and help to effectively implement them.


Fundamentals of hospital board governance. (2017). Web.

(n.d.). Web.

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